When you’re a youngster, it is common to possess a symptom or two. However, if you have got a giant, red, and painful breakouts deep in your skin, it might mean you’ve developed one thing known as cystic acne.The most serious type of acne is cystic acne.
When cysts form deep under your skin, it develops. This can be a combination of bacteria, oil and dry skin cells trapped in the pores. Although acne can occur in people with oily skin, cystic acne tends to occur. In adolescents, women and older adults with hormonal imbalances, it is also more common.
Cystic acne can normally improve with age. The stubborn and painful bumps, however, will not go away alone. Your dermatologist is your best defense line if you suspect you have cystic acne. The medication needed to clear your skin can be prescribed. Over – the – counter drugs that work with milder acne have often the little effect on cystic acne. A dermatologist will probably recommend one or more of these:
- Oral antibiotics
It helps to control bacteria and reduce inflammation. Sometimes, however, your acne may not respond to antibiotics. Or you might find that after a couple of years they don’t work as well. If it covers a large area of your skin, oral antibiotics can be used to treat cystic acne.
These work by reducing bacteria and inflammation that can contribute to the formation of cystic acne. Antibiotics, however, do not relieve excess oil and dead skin cells. Because of concerns about bacterial resistance, antibiotics should only be used in the short term. If antibiotics are not effective, your doctor will probably recommend that you begin to take isotretinoin.
- Oral contraceptives
Pills for birth control help some women regulate their hormones. Oral contraceptives in some women are a viable option for cystic acne. This method is particularly effective if you tend to develop acne cysts during menstrual cycle hormone fluctuations.
Birth control pills contain estrogen, which can help to regulate overall levels of hormones and reduce acne. Oral contraceptives, however, are not for everyone. If you smoke, have blood clots or try to become pregnant, these medications may not be appropriate for you
- Topical retinoids
Vitamin A is also derived from topical retinoids. They don’t have the strength of isotretinoin, though. These work to remove and prevent severe acne by unplugging hair follicles. Retinoids are sometimes used to make them more effective in conjunction with topical antibiotics.
Topical retinoids can be used every day in the form of creams, gels, and lotions. Creams, lotions or retinoid gels with prescription strength, a form of vitamin A, can help unplug your pores and help antibiotics do their job. Using topical retinoids can redden your skin and peel it. These side effects are usually temporary when the medication is used to your skin. Retinoids can also make you more sensitive to sunburn, so wear sunscreen.
The most effective treatment measure for cystic acne is considered to be Isotretinoin (Accutane), a powerful prescription medication. Formally known as Accutane, but now available as the Claravis, Sotret, Myorisan, Amnesteem, and Absorica brands attacks all acne causes.
It comes from a powerful form of vitamin A, which is taken every day in tablet form. Approximately 85 percent of people who improve within four to six months of experience improvements.
There are some serious risks associated with isotretinoin, despite its effectiveness. Most of these medications are recommended to take a pill once or twice daily for approximately 5 months. This completely and permanently clears the skin for most people. If it happens again, the treatment can be repeated. When taking this medicine, women should avoid becoming pregnant.
Another possible prescription treatment measure for cystic acne is spironolactone (Aldactone), a drug that helps you get rid of unnecessary water, but is also effective for women with cystic acne.
It is traditionally used to treat edema and high blood pressure as a diuretic. This medicine can work in terms of acne by managing excess levels of androgen that may contribute to inflammatory acne. Only women with acne on their jawline or lower face are typically effective.
Spironolactone can cause birth defects, so if you’re planning a pregnancy you shouldn’t take it. Neither should people with kidney disease use this medicine.