Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time of the development of one or more offspring inside a woman. More than one offspring, such as twins, is involved in multiple pregnancies. Sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology can cause pregnancy. Childbirth typically occurs about 40 weeks after the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine months, with an average of 31 days each month. It takes about 38 weeks to measure fertilization. An embryo is an offspring that develops within the first eight weeks after fertilization, after which the term fetus is used until birth.
Early pregnancy symptoms
Symptoms of pregnancy vary from woman to woman and pregnancy to pregnancy, but one of the most important symptoms of pregnancy is a delayed or missed period follow by tender breasts, nausea and vomiting, hunger and frequent urination. It is important to understand the signs of pregnancy, as each symptom can have causes other than pregnancy. In the week of conception, you may experience signs of pregnancy and can pregnancy test either by using the pregnancy test kit or seek for the physician for further diagnose. However, some women report that they had no symptoms for a couple of weeks during pregnancy due to early symptoms of pregnancy often imitate the symptoms you may experience before and during your menstrual period, you may not realize that you are pregnant.
Missed menstruation period. A missed period may be the earliest and most reliable indicator of pregnancy, but some light bleeding or light even during pregnancy is still possible. Delayed or missed periods are the most common symptoms of pregnancy that test a woman for pregnancy. Your next period should be missed when you are pregnant. Nevertheless, some women may bleed while pregnant, but this bleeding is typically shorter or lighter than normal. However, a missed menstruation period may lead to other causes than pregnancy.
Nausea or morning sickness: the second most commonly reported first sign of pregnancy is nausea or morning sickness. Experienced to a certain extent by most expectant women, nausea usually occurs within 2 to 8 weeks of conception. You can experience nausea with or without vomiting. It is important to know that nausea, often referred to as morning disease, however, it can actually occur at any time of the day. Similarly, it usually occurs in the first quarter and subsequently subsides for most women, but some experience nausea during pregnancy.
Swollen or tender breasts: the third most common symptom of pregnancy is breast changes. Breast enhancement is another early sign of pregnancy. After conception, the hormone levels of a woman change rapidly. Due to the changes, her breasts may swell, sore, or tingle a week or two later. Or they might feel heavier or fuller or touch tender. The area around the nipples, also known as areola, can darken. Normally these changes are indicated by swelling or tenderness. Breast changes can begin within 1 to 2 weeks of conception.
Fatigue Feeling very fatigued during pregnancy is normal, beginning early. A woman can begin to feel unusually tired just a week after she has conceived. Why? Why? It is often associated with a high hormone level called progesterone, although other things– such as lower blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure and an increase in blood production– can all contribute. If fatigue is associated with pregnancy, it is important to rest a lot. It can be compensated for by eating foods rich in protein and iron.
When to Take Pregnancy Test
Nothing stops you every time you want to take a pregnancy test. But if you take it before 8 days after ovulation (DPO), you are likely to waste your money and be disappointed unnecessarily. The reason why implantation has to do with it. Even after conception, the fertilized egg does not begin to produce hCG — the hormone detected by pregnancy tests — until after implantation is complete. HCG levels begin to double approximately every 48 hours after implantation. Baseline hCG, early pregnancy hCG and hCG duplication time vary from female to female and from pregnancy to pregnancy. In addition to the date of implantation, these factors will affect how early a positive pregnancy test is possible.
However, most doctors recommend that you wait before taking a urine pregnancy test until the first day of your missed period. Usually approximately two weeks after conception. Some tests are more sensitive than others, however, and can be carried out earlier.
Cramping in Early Pregnancy
Mild tummy cramps are a normal part of early pregnancy in most cases. They are usually connected to the normal physical changes your body undertakes to carry your baby. Some women get cramps with a little hemorrhage when the embryo is implanted into the wall. This happens at about the same time that your period normally begins. You may also feel some cramping as your womb changes shape and becomes ready for your baby. Around 12 weeks, many women begin to experience severe pain on one or both sides of their groin when they stand, stretch or twist. This is only the ligaments that extend to support your womb as it grows.
Although mild tummy cramps are a very normal part of early pregnancy, mentioning them to your mother- in- law or GP is a good idea, especially when they get worse. You can check that there are no underlying problems like constipation or an infection of the urinary tract. If you have spotting or bleeding and cramping, it is important to see your physician as soon as possible. Like cramping, these are often normal early pregnancy symptoms, but can also be early signs of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
Leukorrhea is a type of milky white vaginal fluid that is thin and has a mild smell. It doesn’t usually come with itching or a strong foul odor. It’s normal to have leukorrhea up to a teaspoon every day. Vaginal flora helps to make this white fluid that helps maintain acid pH in the vagina and prevents the development of other harmful pathogens.
Light bleeding or spotting is completely normal when this implantation occurs. Sometimes this symptom is accompanied by light cramps. Many women will conceive and not notice any bleeding from the implantation, so don’t worry if you try to get pregnant and don’t see this symptom, you might still be pregnant.
A woman can notice a white, milky discharge from her vagina, apart from bleeding. This is linked to the thickening of the walls of the vagina that begins almost immediately after conception. The increased growth of the vagina lining cells leads to the discharge. This release, which can continue during the pregnancy, is usually harmless and requires no treatment. But if there is a bad smell of discharge or a feeling of burning and itching, tell your doctor if you have a yeast or a bacterial infection.
This symptom is usually related to implantation bleeding when pregnant and is considered to be one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. Usually the embryo implants in the uterus between 6 and 12 days after conception. Some women experience both spotting and cramping. Other women don’t even notice implantation bleeding or cramping, so don’t worry if you try to become pregnant and don’t experience these symptoms; you might still be pregnant.
However, this white release is not normal when it comes to itching or smell. In these cases, you may have an infection. The most common vaginal infection is a yeast (fungal) infection, but it can sometimes be a sign of bacterial infection or a sexually transmitted disease. Talk with your doctor to make the correct diagnosis and treatment.
A normal pregnancy usually lasts about 40 weeks, starting on the first day of the last menstrual period of a woman, which is approximately two weeks before conception. Pregnancy shall be divided into three stages called trimester, and each trimester ranges from 12 to 13 weeks.
First trimester: The early changes, which mean pregnancy, occur in the first trimester. The first sign you are pregnant may be the missed period. There will also be other changes. Some of the changes you experience in your first trimester can lead to a daily review of your routine. You may have to go to bed earlier or eat smaller or more frequent meals. Some women are very uncomfortable and others may not feel at all. Each pregnancy is different, and even if you were pregnant before each subsequent pregnancy can feel completely different. By the end of the second month, eight to ten of the main organs of the fetus will be formed. At this stage of pregnancy that it is extremely important that pregnant women do not take harmful medicines, such as illegal drugs. The first trimester is also the period in which most birth defects and faults occur.
Second trimester: When you enter the second trimester, it can be easier than the first one. Your nausea and tiredness can decrease or go completely away. You will notice more changes in your body, however. This “baby bump” begins to show when your abdomen grows with the baby. At the end of the second trimester, you can even feel your baby moving! As the fetus gets bigger and a woman gets the more pregnant weight in her body, she can also have more back pain. Physician encourages his patients to take a “babymoon” during the second trimester— a mini- vacation or weekend getaway— and he said the best time to get away is around the 28th week of pregnancy. In general, a woman feels pretty good at this point, there is a lower risk of miscarriage and premature labor, and some health professionals may discourage air travel after the 36th week.
Third trimester: The third trimester is the last period of pregnancy. The discomfort that began in the second trimester is likely to continue with some new ones. As the baby grows and puts more pressure on the inner organs, you may find it difficult to breathe and urinate more often. This is normal and these problems should go away once you give birth. A future mother will have to pee more often because more pressure is put on her bladder. She may also have more back pain and hips and pelvis pain because these joints relax in preparation for delivery. Her face can develop dark skin patches and spread marks on her belly, thighs, breasts, and back. She could also see varicose veins on her legs. During the third trimester, other changes occur in your body, which you cannot see. According to the OWH, in the third trimester, a woman’s breasts may experience some colostrum leakage, a yellow liquid, as they are ready for breastfeeding. The baby falls in her abdomen. As your due date approaches, your cervix becomes thinner and softer in a process called erasing, which opens the cervix at birth. Your doctor will regularly check the progress of your pregnancy, especially as you are close to the due date.